Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, University Preparation (MCV4U)




This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

Prerequisite MCR3U

Grade : 12

Credit value : 1

Unit One

Rate of Change

  • Demonstrate an understanding of rate of change by making connections between average rate of change over an interval and instantaneous rate of change at a point, using the slopes of secants and tangents and the concept of the limit
  • Graph the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, and exponential functions, and make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of a function and its derivative; verify graphically and algebraically the rules for determining derivatives
  • Apply these rules to determine the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions, and simple combinations of functions; and solve related problems

Unit Two

Derivatives and Their Applications

  • Make connections, graphically and algebraically, between the key features of a function and its first and second derivatives, and use the connections in curve sketching
  • Solve problems, including optimization problems, that require the use of the concepts and procedures associated with the derivative, including problems arising from real-world applications and involving the development of mathematical models. problems
  • Solve problems involving trigonometric equations and prove trigonometric identities

Unit Three

Geometry and Algebra of Vectors

  • Demonstrate an understanding of vectors in two-space and three-space by representing them algebraically and geometrically and by recognizing their applications
  • Perform operations on vectors in two-space and three-space, and use the properties of these operations to solve problems, including those arising from real-world applications
  • Distinguish between the geometric representations of a single linear equation or a system of two linear equations in two-space and three-space, and determine different geometric configurations of lines and planes in three-space
  • Represent lines and planes using scalar, vector, and parametric equations, and solve problems involving distances and intersections